the transformation of a military base in university campus is an important opportunity to improve the quality of life for current and future citizens of pejë.
redevelopment of a green large scale marked by a strong landscape and territorial identity within which are obsolete features (former yugoslav army barracks) framed in a programmatic structure that needs to be substantially rethought and revised in the light of a new dynamic of use (mixed used area for education, sports and tourism).
peja town is located in the dukagjini plain in the western part of kosovo and is backed by the edge of the rugova mountain range, where the city sits in its foothills, and the valley of the lumbardh river.
the study area, a vacant plot of of approximately 42 hectares is a former yugoslav army barracks and contains different types of buildings, some of them currently used by the kosovo security forces (ksf) which, however, no longer needing such a big area, has decided to move in a furthest area within the region.
the municipality has thus entered into negotiations to get more out of this area. it was therefore decided to dedicate this space to “educational zone” in particular by assigning the function of university campus to assist with sports and tourism. almost completely lacking in peja this type of facilities and since this is a new development area, the transformation of this zone is a real opportunity for the construction of a social hub and focal point for the town. peja has a very young population. they are the future labor force for the economic regeneration of peja. a good education is vital to achieving this goal. concentrating the university departments, now scattered around the city, in a green setting will create a stimulating environment for students.
the targeted use of this area is also an important opportunity to improve the quality of life for current and future citizens, to foster sustainable economic growth, and to create viable opportunities for development of a nature-based tourism. surrounded by high mountains, peja can be actually compared with many alpine touristic centers and it has great potential to develop a mountain tourism industry.
the volumetric definition of the residences refers to the kulla, the traditional kosovian stone house. as a symbol of ethnic albanians, these buildings have been subject to violent acts of destruction and vandalism by serbs in the last war. the symbolic recovery of this typology is bound to the will of a design compatible with the peculiarities of the territory.
the building, built on four levels, is designed as a public translucent core. the facade system, consisting of glass panels with an interposed copper grating foil, reducing the glare of the sun, allows both a significant reduction of energy costs and optimal visual conditions for reading and consulting of the texts, thanks to the entrance of natural light.
the building is destined for research laboratories, classrooms for didactic work, as well as the management and the administrative offices, break-out areas and several lounge areas. the objective of identifying the academic institution is back to the idea of marking the environment with a rigorous architectural sign, easy to understand and memorization.
the building, being conceived as a greenhouse, allows to have a temperate and controlled climate throughout the year, so as to promote the reduction of the heating and cooling costs. the interior, also, being protected from the greenhouse, and for this not having to be necessarily ponds, can be constructed with simple technologies such as to allow further changes and adjustments.